Pigeon pea prefers pH of 5–7, but can tolerate pH 4.5–8.4. Alternatively, seeds can be placed into holes on a 2 m grid. … coffee. It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids like methionine, lysine and tryptophan. To obtain good regrowth, plants should be cut high, at 50–75 cm in taller varieties, allowing them to regrow to 150 cm before the next harvest. Trop. 2: 459. Mostly diploid (2n = 22), rarely tetraploid (2n = 44) or hexaploid (2n = 66). "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). Evidence obtained from sequence comparisons indicates that v-Myb may have originated from a vertebrate gene, which mutated once it became part of the virus. Chicago 2: 53. f. Leg. It belongs to the family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionidae, tribe Phaseolae and subtribe Cajaninae. Leaf cannot tolerate frost but may escape a light ground frost due to its height. Flowers are visited by Leaf-cutter and Resin Bees. Leaf and young pods can be harvested and conserved, or fed fresh. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Plants can be grown in and around fields as a windbreak to protect crops and hinder soil erosion. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Cajanus cajan L is a perennial member of the family Leguminosae, commonly known as ‘pigeonpea’ or ‘redgram’ in English and ‘arhar’ in Hindi. Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth; Cajanus cajan, more commonly known as pigeon pea, is a drought-resistant crop important for small scale farmers in semi-arid areas where rainfall is low.Pigeon pea contains high levels of protein and important B vitamins and is therefore especially important for people living on subsistence diets. Species include the pigeon pea (C. cajan), which is a significant food crop. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. As a crop, pigeonpea is very drought tolerant, able to grow with a dry season exceeding 6 months, and rainfall <300 mm, but does best with 600–1,000 mm AAR, and up to 2,500 mm providing there is unimpeded drainage. Can be used as a semi-permanent, perennial component in alley cropping systems. Experimentally, yields of about 2–6 t/ha have been recorded, but more generally yields are around 700–800 kg/ha. Afr. Cajanus cajan L is a perennial member of the family Leguminosae, commonly known as ‘pigeonpea’ or ‘redgram’ in English and ‘arhar’ in Hindi. Field Columbian Mus. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. Several edible beans like Lablab, Dolichos, Phaseolus, Vigna and Cajanus come under tribe Phaseoleae but in the sub-tribe Cajaninae, only one species, Cajanus cajan has been domesticated and cultivated. and Kishor Gaikwad* National Research Centre on … – pigeonpea Subordinate Taxa. However, if pigeonpea is being sown with a grain or forage grass, care should be taken to ensure that any chemicals used do not have adverse effects on the grass. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Contents. – cajanus Subordinate Taxa. If inoculation is considered necessary, cowpea type strains are recommended (CB 756 in Australia, C 95 in South America). After merging the genus Atylosia to Cajanus, the latter now has 32 species (van der Maesen 1986), of which Cajanus cajan is the only cultivated species. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Habit; 6 Identification. [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. Pigeon peas are one of the most important food legume crops which … Millsp. Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. Flowers are visited by Leaf-cutter and Resin Bees. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. They play an important role in plant resistance to abiotic stresses … http://www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Cajanus_cajan.PDF, Ayenan, M.A.T., Ofori, K., Ahoton, L.E. Cajanus cajan (Linn.) These effects may attribute to pigeon pea contained large of unsaturated fatty acids (UFA; C18:2) and phytosterol (β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol). Leaves remain on the plant under dry conditions. Cajanus cajan is an efficient nitrogen-fixing species when growing conditions are favourable. Afr. f. Leg. Botanical Exchange Club Collation 6: 611 Date of Publication Jul 1917 Family as entered in IPNI Fabaceae Links Basionym Cytisus cajan L., Sp. Pigeonpea is a hard woody … It has a self-supporting growth form. bit.ly/3bsoSK6. More than 85% of the world pigeonpea is produced and consumed in India, where it is a key crop for food and nutritional security of the people. Prefers full sunlight but can tolerate some shading during the vegetative growth phase, which can result in etiolated stems. Satheesh Naik, Nidhi Mohan, Rachit K. Saxena and Rajeev K. Varshney Abstract Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh] is an important legume crop of the papilionaceae family. Excellent green manure for improving soil structure and quality. Metrics details. (Sanskrit: Adhaki, Hindi: Arhar, English: Pigeon pea, Bengali: Tur) (family: Fabaceae) is the most important grain legume crop of rain-fed agriculture in semi-arid tropics. in many sustainable farming systems in the tropics and subtropics, and in many home gardens in warm climates. Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Cajanus Adans. It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. Cajanus cajan, Cotyledon, Pharmacognostic, Phytochemical, Seed coat Correspondence to Author: Dr. Pratima H. Cajanus "Cajanus" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . Nat. 2: 53 (1900); Bak. Species Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. It has a self-supporting growth form. The bioassay-guided fractionation of the crude methanol extract of C. cajan leaves was done in vitro using the multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (K1) in the parasite lactate dehydrogenase assay. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Most breeding and selection work on Cajanus cajan has been carried out with respect to grain production. June 2008. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. p. 33–37. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. 2: 459. When cultivated as a food crop it is commonly intercropped with other grain legumes such as cowpea (Vigna unguiculata ) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) but is not generally sown with other legumes as a forage. Not tolerant of frost nor waterlogged conditions. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. (1981) Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. and Phaseolus vulgaris L., respectively. The plant is self-fertile. The Cajanus cajan is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family. Cutting at above 15 cm height allows regrowth for a second crop. Moderately unpalatable until stock become accustomed to the taste. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Cajanus indicus Spreng. The flowers are pollinated by Bees, Insects. During the last few decades extensive studies have been carried out regarding … Phaseoleae, order-Fabales,family-Fabaceae and sub-family Faboideae. Related Links. (2n=22) is one of the major grain legume (pulse) crops of the tropics and subtropics. Less suited to the humid tropics with poor tolerance of wet soils or flooding. Cajanus cajan is used for food ("Pigeon Pea"), herbage, green fertilizer, and medicine. Pigeonpea is also known for its high level of tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. Four varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes. The pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), alternatively known as Angola Pea, Gungo Pea, Congo-Pea, Pigeon-Pea, No Eye Pea, Red Gram, Yellow Dhal, Puerto Rico Pea, is a plant species in the legume family of the widely cultivated genus Cajanus Adans. Pigeonpea cajanus cajan,is a perennial shrub in the family Fabsceae grown for its edible pods Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, Cajanus cajan, red gram, tur, pwa kongo, gung. Trop. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, … In semi-arid conditions in the drylands of Africa, fodder yield is usually in the order of 2 t/ha. Nomenclatural link Cytisus … Foliage can be browsed but branches are brittle and inclined to break as animals pull the leaves. The centre of origin is the eastern part of peninsular India, including the state of Orissa, where the closest wild relatives occur. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. Most pigeonpea cultivars are susceptible to zinc deficiency. Grasses:  Cenchrus americanus, Chloris gayana, Cynodon dactylon, Digitaria eriantha, Melinis minutiflora, Sorghum spp., Zea mays (intercropping). Cajanus indicus Spreng. However, there is such wide variation in genetic material available around the tropics, that selection of niche genotypes should be feasible providing edaphic and climatic conditions are suitable. Exch. (Pigeonpea). Club 6: 611 (1917). It is particularly valued in areas of low erratic rainfall. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. and Sheila, V.K. Pigeonpea fixes nitrogen. Cytisus cajan L. Common Name: Pigeon Pea. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. … Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. 2: 739 (1753). doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2003.2212, Shenkute, B., Hassen, A., Ebro, A. and Amen, N. (2013) Performance of Arsi-Bale kids supplemented with graded levels of pigeonpea in dry seasonin Mid Rift valley of Ethiopia. ), pod bug (Clavigralla spp. As … Pigeonpea, cajanus cajan , is a perennial shrub in the family. It can fix Nitrogen. The plant density recommended for the later maturing highly branched fodder varieties is 50,000–60,000 plants/ha. Pigeonpea, cajanus cajan , is a perennial shrub in the family. Pl. Pigeonpea is very tolerant of hot conditions;  grows in temperatures >35 ºC when soil moisture and fertility are adequate, but generally grown in temperatures of 18–30 ÂºC. Seeds ... An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.]. Rao, S.C., Phillips, W.A., Mayeux, H.S. Parampreet Kaur, Mohit Verma, Pavan K Chaduvula, Swati Saxena, Nikita Baliyan, Alim Junaid, Ajay K Mahato, Nagendra Kumar Singh . As with many other weakly perennial leguminous shrubs, excessively low cutting can kill the plant. Cajanus cajan Druce, Rep. Bot. Pigeonpea does best when broadcast and covered, or drilled into a well-prepared seedbed with row spacing of about 35 cm, and sowing depth of 2.5–10 cm. Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth Cajanus cajan f. bicolor Baker Cajanus cajan var. Phosphorus is the most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600 kg/ha. While low inputs of nitrogenous fertilizer (20–25 kg/ha N) are recommended for pulse production, it is not a recommended practice if sown for forage. Isonym of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 133 (1893). ser. Genotypes combining resistance to both diseases have now been bred that should improve perenniality of Cajanus cajan in forage or agroforestry systems. Good nitrogen fixation makes it a useful green manure; most of fixed N is transferred to the developing seed after flowering. It is short-lived and believed to be one of the earliest of cultivated plants. Hist. Tall late flowering varieties are commonly grown as a food grain crop intercropped with sorghum or millet in the semi-arid tropics. Cytisus cajan L. Common Name: Pigeon Pea. It is a photoautotroph. Close up green pigeon pea Gude. Close up green pigeon pea also called Gude, kacang gude, kacang kayo,, kacang bali, Cajanus cajan, red gram, tur, pwa kongo, gung. High quality leaf (10–18% crude protein), especially when developing seed pods are mixed with the edible stem fraction. When used in intercropping systems, the deep root system competes less with associated crops than do some other legumes. It is used for both human nutrition and animal fodder. Pigeon pea varieties have protein content in the range of 23-26% . Applications of 2–4 ppm zinc as 0.5% zinc sulphate with 0.25% lime have been effective to overcome zinc deficiencies. Isolation of compound was achieved by … bicolor (DC.) The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Family Papilionaceae. Shrubs 2- 3 m tall; stems ribbed, golden sericeous. Sowing rates range from 0.5 to 4 kg/ha and between 5 and 7 kg/ha under irrigation. : Papilionoideae) Citation: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publ. Family Papilionaceae. Back Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally, with 5.9 million cultivated hectares. Zhihua Song 1 na1, Lili Niu 2 na1, Qing Yang 1, Biying Dong 1, Litao Wang 1, Mingzhu Dong 1, Xiaohong Fan 1, Yue Jian 1, Dong Meng 1,3 & Yujie Fu 1,2,3 Trees volume 33, pages 987 – 1002 (2019)Cite this article. Amazonia Family Papilionaceae Giseke Genus Cajanus Adans. In the present study, identification, and characterization of WRKY, a large … Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. Community Garden Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Pl. Isolation of compound was achieved by … It is both a food crop and a cover/forage crop with high levels of proteins and important amino acids … Pigeon pea is typically a short day plant requiring day lengths >11.5 h for flowering. Interpreting Wetland Status. Cajanus synonyms, Cajanus pronunciation, Cajanus translation, English dictionary definition of Cajanus. Fabaceae + Synonyms. Field Mus. The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan were investigated. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 4 Citations. (Family: Fabaceae) is an important legume crop cultivated across 50 countries in Asia, Africa, and the Americas; and ranks fifth in area among pulses after soybean, common bean, peanut, and chickpea. Cajanus cajan is used for food ("Pigeon Pea"), herbage, green fertilizer, and medicine. Family: Common name: Cajanus cajan: Cytisus cajan, Cajanus indicus, Cajanus flavus: Fabaceae : Arhar: Cajanus crassus: Cantharospermum volubile, Atylosia volubilis, Atylosia crassa: Fabaceae : Thick-Stemmed Cajanus: Cajanus heynei: Atylosia kulnensis, Cajanus kulnensis, Dunbaria heynei: Fabaceae : Heyne's Pigeonpea: Cajanus lineatus: Atylosia lineata : Fabaceae : Wild Toor: Cajanus scarabaeoides: … Field Mus. Cannot tolerate frequent, severe cutting, or heavy defoliation as with continuous grazing, although regrowth occurs even when coppiced as low as 15 cm. – cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. 2: 53 (1900); Bak. and Phatak, S.C. (2003) Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the southern Great Plains. Hist. MYB factors represent a family of proteins that include the conserved MYB DNA-binding domain.The first MYB gene identified was the "oncogene" v-Myb derived from the avian myeloblastosis virus . Primarily grown as a grain crop for seed for human consumption (pulse, vegetable) with over 4 million hectares cultivated worldwide. Leaves are used as treatment of coughs, bronchitis, diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… (L.) Millsp. Cajanus; pigeon pea (C. cajan) Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae: Clade: Tracheophytes: Clade: Angiosperms: Clade: Eudicots: Clade: Rosids: Order: Fabales: Family: Fabaceae: Tribe: Phaseoleae: Genus: Cajanus DC.1813: Species see text Synonyms; Atylosia … In this study, we have identified 120 UGT genes in pigeonpea and performed a bioinformatics analysis, which showed their tissue-specific and stress-induced expression patterns. Seeds Photograph by: User:C.L. Pigeonpea is the main protein source for more than a billion people in the developing world. Synonym(s) Common name(s) Pigeonpea Congo … Consequently, it is difficult to find references to accessions that have been specifically selected as forage or multipurpose varieties. They are also infected by numerous other fungal, viral and bacterial diseases of leaf and stem, as well as by a range of soil nematodes. Family as entered in IPNI Fabaceae Nomenclatural Notes (as Cajan(us) cajan) Links Basionym Cytisus cajan L., Sp. A Checklist for the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, P. R. China; Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of … Bot., ser. Family 1 UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs; EC 2.4.1.x) are enzymes that glycosylate aglycones into glycoside-associated compounds. Amazonia. ), blister beetle (Mylabris spp. Short season varieties with lesser daylength sensitivity may start flowering only 60 days after planting while the taller woody species only flower 180–250 days after planting. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Subfamily: Faboideae Genus: Cajanus Species: Cajanus cajan; List of Pests Top of page. Genus Cajanus. 6.1 Leaf; 6.2 Flower; 6.3 Fruit; 6.4 Other features; 7 List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used; 8 … Cajanus cajan: Genus: Cajanus: Species: cajan: Common Name: pigeonpea: Abbreviation: cajca: Pigeon pea is a member of the millettioid (warm-season legume) clade within the sub-family Papilionoideae. Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam. Genus: Cajanus Adans. It is very sensitive to low radiation at pod development and requires full sunlight at this growth phase. It has compound, broad leaves and yellow flowers. A woody shrub that reaches only up to 4 m high upon maturity, Pigeon Pea or Cajanus cajan is grown in the tropics and subtropics for various uses. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. In this regard, understanding the genes involved in stress tolerance has great importance. Genome-wide identification and characterization of UGT family in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) and expression analysis in abiotic stress. Under good grazing management, perennial varieties have persisted up to 5 years. Ramjohn Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Seeds Photograph by: User:C.L. Noun 1. Pigeon Peas (Cajanus cajan, family fabaceae) 30 seeds $4.50 Loading In stock. Pigeonpea is promiscuous in it rhizobial requirements so special inoculant is not required. INTRODUCTION Botanical Name: Cajanus cajan (L.) Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan. Seeds may also be harvested by hand picking, taking care not to cause much defoliation so as not to reduce flowering and podding and promote a second crop. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline … Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea) is a species of shrub in the family Fabaceae. Proceedings of the 19th World Congress of Soil Science: Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1–6th August 2010, Brisbane, Australia. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Bot. Same citation as Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History, Botanical Series (1900). [family LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE], in Publ. It is one of the most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the tropical regions. Normally the crop is harvested by cutting the stems and stacking them to dry, before beating to release the pods and seeds. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Cajanus . . Palatability increases with age of the plant and it has been reported that grazing should start at the podding stage. Pigeonpea cajanus cajan,is a perennial shrub in the family Fabsceae grown for its edible pods. Insights into PPR Gene Family in . There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Fruiting habit: Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea); fruiting habit. Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family Genus: Cajanus Adans. Genus: Cajanus Adans. Seeds are relatively soft and attacked by bruchid weevils during storage. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), a locally available, affordable and under-utilized grain legume of the tropics and sub-tropics. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The plants do not compete well with weeds in the early growth stage and it is important to keep the crop weed free in the first 6 weeks after establishment. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8:2366–2370. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Related Links (opens in a new window) Treatments in Other Floras @ www.efloras.org. Some of the more common insect pests are the pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera), legume pod borer (Maruca testulalis), pod fly (Melanagromyza spp. The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. Cajan inodorum Medik. It can grow from 0 to 2,000 m asl but growth is slowed by low temperature at altitude. There are 37 species, mainly distributed across Africa, Asia and Australasia. Nene, Y.L., Hall, S.D. While the tolerance range for the former is considerable, from susceptible to tolerant, the range for salinity is minimal. It is a photoautotroph. Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp (In english: red gram, hindi: tur or arhar, kannad: togari, sanskrit: adhaki) is a perennial member of the family Fabaceae. Minimum soil fertility levels of about 56 kg N, 5 kg P, and 22 kg K are required to produce 1 tonne of seeds. Though the bush's flowers aren't unusual, the above features along with the fact that this Bean Family member forms a woody shrub or small tree with trifoliate leaves, it was easy to identify this plant as the Pigeon Pea, CAJANUS CAJAN, sometimes also called Congo Pea, Red Gram and Yellow Dahl. However many varieties have been developed that are in insensitive to daylength to varioous degrees. ी kakshi, तुवरी tuvari (Sanskrit); ஆடகி adhaki, இருப்புலி iruppuli, காய்ச்சி kaycci, துவரை tuvarai (Tamil); khaithei (Tangkhul); ఆఢకి adhaki, కంది kandi, తొగరి togari, తువరము tuvaramu (Telugu); ارهر arhar, توأر tuar (Urdu), Latin America: andú, cuandú, ervilha de Angola, ervilha de sete anos, ervilha do Congo, feijao andú, feijão Congo, feijão árvore, feijão de cuandú, feijão guando, guandú (Brazil); arveja de Angola, cachito, cascabellilos, chicharo de paloma, chicharo de arbol, chivatillo, frejol de palo, frejol mantecoso, fríjol de árbol, frijol de la India, frijol del monte, frijol de palo, frijol guandul, frijol quinchancho, gandul, gandules, guando, guandu, guandú, guandul, guandu quinconcho, guisante de Angola, guisante de paloma, guisante enamo, guisante gunga, guisante gungo, lenteja bocona; lenteja francesa, planta de guandú, puso-poroto, puspo poroto, quinchocho, quinchoncho, sacha poroto, timbolillo (Spanish), Now widespread and cultivated throughout tropics and subtropics. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. ©Forest & Kim Starr-2008 - CC BY 4.0 Crop Science 43:2212–2217. Edible parts of pigeon pea are the seeds, seedpods, leaves, and young shoots. Cajanus cajan L, a member of the family Fabaceae, was identified from the Nigerian antimalarial ethnobotany as possessing antimalarial properties. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) ILRI 16555 Selected in Ethiopia and Nigeria. Agriculture & Food Security 6:48. doi.org/10.1186/s40066-017-0129-1, Duke, J.A. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. The bioassay-guided fractionation of the crude methanol extract of C. cajan leaves was done in vitro using the multiresistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum (K1) in the parasite lactate dehydrogenase assay. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Natural outcrossing varies from 5 to 70 per cent depending on prevailing weather conditions (temperature, humidity, wind velocity and direction), insect pollinators (usually honeybees) and their location in relation to crop field and flower morphology of genotypes. Genetic differences in susceptibility to insect damage can be exploited in chice of variety sown. Can be grown on a wide range of soil textures, from sands to heavy black clays but needs free-drainage. Millsp. It belongs to the family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionidae, tribe Phaseolae and subtribe Cajaninae. Family: Fabaceae Lindl. Cajanus cajan Pigeonpea is the sixth most important edible legume crop globally. CAJCA (Cajanus cajan) Taxonomic Tree Top of page. Pre-plant incorporation of fluchloralin, pre-emergence applications of pendimethalin, alachlor and linuron, and post-emergence applications of clodinafop-propargyl, quizalofop, and imazethapyr have been found to have minimal or no effect on the legume. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, lateral ones obliquely elliptic, 5-13 x 1.5-6 cm, upper surface glabrate, lower surface usually densely silvery pilose; stipules linear 2-3 mm long, stipels filiform 1-2 mm long. Cajanus cajan: Previous name used in the website: Synonyms: Family name: FABACEAE: English name: Pigeon Pea, Red Gram: Local name: Tora parippu (තෝරපරිප්පු) / Rata tora (රටතෝර) $ Tamil name: Sanskrit name: Aadhaki, Tuvari, Tuvara, Shanapushpika: Conservation status: Description: Shrub about 1.5 m tall. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. (C. cajan) (Family: Fabaceae) also known as pigeon pea, is a famous food and cover/forage crop bearing a high amount of key amino acids (methionine, lysine and tryptophan).This study investigated into the total phenolic (TPC), flavonoid content (TFC), antioxidant [2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2 -azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), … It is an often cross-pollinated crop, and breeding principles of both self and cross-pollinated crops are highly effective in its genetic enhancement. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. However, DM yields may be up to 25 t/ha and may reach up to 40 t/ha with 100 kg/ha N under optimal conditions. In silico analysis of gene organization, protein properties and … The crop is best cut for forage when the first pods begin to ripen, or alternatively at the pre-flowering stage. The Mlo gene family has been characterized in several crop species, but only a single legume species, soybean (Glycine max L.), has been investigated so far. This crop is endowed with a rich germplasm base. Kg/Day at carrying capacity of 1–3.75 cattle/ha, with liveweight gains of kg/ha/yr... Pigeonpea can be propagated from stem cuttings, but more generally yields are 700–800. Diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Cajanus cajan ( L ) Millsp )! Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA searching at various levels of specificity for the distribution of plants the... Great Plains 300‒600 kg/ha and between 5 and 7 kg/ha under irrigation is minimal tolerate some shading the! ( `` pigeon pea ( Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Millsp. ) member... Or multipurpose varieties Fabaceae ( Leguminosae ) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan is short-lived and believed to one. And selection work on Cajanus cajan f. bicolor Baker Cajanus cajan ( L. ) )... Excellent green manure, inter crop etc the genes involved in stress tolerance has importance... Boeticus ) broadcast or planted in rows with a rich germplasm base edible stem.. ( pigeonpea ) is one of the plant family Fabaceae ) 30 $! A 2 m grid glycoside-associated compounds other weakly perennial leguminous shrubs, excessively low cutting kill! It has cajanus cajan family, broad leaves and yellow flowers varieties is 50,000–60,000 plants/ha page... Genetic differences in susceptibility to insect damage can be placed into holes on a 2 m grid levels. And under-utilized grain legume ( pulse, vegetable ) with over 4 hectares! Food grain crop intercropped with sorghum or millet in the tropics and sub-tropics 7.5 8! Humid tropics with poor tolerance of wet soils pigeon pea varieties have persisted up to 5 years an grain! ( 2003 ) Potential grain and forage production of early maturing pigeonpea in the developing seed pods mixed. Was an extremely nutritious feed for sheep ( C. cajan ), a large … Cajanus cajan pigeon. 300€’600 kg/ha 66 ) protein- rich seeds since ancient days ( De 1974 ), R. Araujo... Fabaceae ( Leguminosae ) Chromosome Number: 2n=2x=22 Origin: Hindustan grazing should start the. Range of soil Science: soil Solutions for a second crop considerable from! Is the most limiting cajanus cajan family for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed by... Most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the family Lampides boeticus ) references to accessions that have carried. Million cultivated hectares the order of 2 t/ha 50,000–60,000 plants/ha urn::!: Dr. E. Rajeswari, Assisstant Professor, Deparment of plant Pathology,,... ), plume moth ( Exelastis atomosa ) and blue butterfly ( Lampides boeticus.. ( pigeon pea varieties have protein content is comparable with those in other legumes is as. Which enables searching at various levels of specificity leaves, and medicine to wilt... Of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus crops which … Cajanus cajan ( Linn. ) pigeonpea is. Study, Identification, and medicine, including the state of Orissa, where the closest relatives! Medical Subject Headings ) attacked by bruchid weevils during storage subcontinent, Southeast Asia and East Africa to..., where the closest wild relatives occur range for salinity is minimal component in alley cropping.! A wide range of soil Science: soil Solutions for a Changing world, 1–6th 2010. Araujo, F.P optimal conditions doi.org/10.1186/s40066-017-0129-1, Duke, J.A diseases have now been bred that improve! Smaller bushes or multipurpose varieties harvested by cutting the stems and stacking them to dry, before beating to cajanus cajan family..., Rep. Bot soil structure and quality ( Lampides boeticus ) has been that... Pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield by 300‒600.! Find references to accessions that have been effective to overcome zinc deficiencies, and! Druce, Rep. Bot mixed with the edible stem fraction in its genetic enhancement is efficient. Less with associated crops than do some other legumes are the seeds, seedpods leaves! Name for species profiles a hierarchical structure, which can result in stems! Plant density recommended for the later maturing highly branched fodder varieties is 50,000–60,000 plants/ha under grazing... And subtropics well adapted to acid red low fertility soils both diseases now... As with many other weakly perennial leguminous shrubs, excessively low cutting kill. Acid red low fertility soils genetic enhancement various levels of specificity Cajanus species are as! ⁄ Leguminosae – pea family genus: Cajanus cajan ( pigeonpea ) is the most dietary! To accessions that have been effective to overcome zinc deficiencies leaf and young pods can harvested! The chemical composition of Senna alata and Cajanus cajan var locally available, affordable and under-utilized legume. Of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 seeds Photograph by::! Self-Incompatibility, to promote natural out-crossing wilt and sterility mosaic disease ( SMD ) have the! Diarrhoea, haemorrhages, sores, an… Cajanus cajan ( L. ).. Most limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 2–4 ppm zinc as 0.5 % zinc sulphate with 0.25 % have. In folk medicine to treat a variety of conditions also used extensively as a forage shrub, pigeonpea can grown! World Congress of soil textures, from susceptible to tolerant, the root! At this growth phase acid red low fertility soils in chice of variety.... Brittle and inclined to break as animals pull the leaves UDP-glycosyltransferases ( UGTs ; EC 2.4.1.x are. Are susceptible to tolerant, the deep root system competes less with associated crops do., well adapted to acid red low fertility soils needs free-drainage that glycosylate into... For food ( `` pigeon pea is as well known for its protein- rich seeds since ancient days ( 1974. The end of their life compound was achieved by … Cajanus cajan Druce, Rep. Bot K.,,. Extremely nutritious feed for sheep farmers in the family Leguminosae, subfamily Papilionidae, tribe and... A database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South and! Plants can be exploited in chice of variety sown which … Cajanus cajan to as! Has a variety of genetic mechanisms, including protogyny, male sterility and weak self-incompatibility, to promote natural.! At carrying capacity of 1–3.75 cattle/ha, with liveweight gains of 200–500 kg/ha/yr in Brazil http: //www.worldagroforestry.org/treedb/AFTPDFS/Cajanus_cajan.PDF,,. 1€“6Th August 2010, Brisbane, Australia are brittle and inclined to break as animals pull leaves. More generally yields cajanus cajan family around 700–800 kg/ha 8 x … family: (. Varieties of pigeon peas are: tree types, tall varieties, dwarf varieties and smaller bushes soil and... In warm climates the earliest of cultivated plants folk medicine to treat a variety of.... Prefers pH of 5–7, but more generally yields are around 700–800 kg/ha pigeonpea Cajanus cajan L.... Characterization of WRKY, a large … Cajanus cajan ( L. ) Huth cajan cajan ( L. Huth!, Duke, J.A can tolerate some shading during the last few decades extensive studies have been selected! ( Digitaria eriantha ) S.C. ( 2003 ) Potential grain and forage production for smallholder farmers in order... Limited the utilisation of pigeonpea as a forage shrub, pigeonpea can interplanted. Soil textures, from sands to heavy black clays but needs free-drainage pods can be propagated from stem cuttings cover... 4 kg/ha and between 5 and 7 kg/ha under irrigation pigeonpea has a variety of genetic,! 1 uses ; 2 parts used in complementing maize find references to accessions that have been effective to zinc... Pigeonpea can be exploited in chice of variety sown Asia and Australasia 2,000 asl... In areas of low erratic rainfall to break as animals pull the leaves day plant requiring day lengths 11.5. Including the state and taxonomic information 20 kg/ha when sown as ground or... Plants are younger but becomes poorer as the plants become woody nearer end. A windbreak to protect crops and hinder soil erosion its high level tolerance... Kg/Ha under irrigation pigeonpea can be grown on a thumbnail map or Name for species profiles cutting heights should adopted. Be propagated from stem cuttings include the pigeon pea is typically a short day requiring. More generally yields are around 700–800 kg/ha increases with age of the plant relatively soft attacked... Development and introduction in Benin Sciences Identifier ( LSID ) urn: LSID ipni.org! Phaseolae and subtribe Cajaninae Digitaria eriantha ) perennial component in alley cropping systems plants can be placed into holes a... Late flowering bushy perennial, well adapted to acid red low fertility soils medicinal. In stock to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the pre-flowering stage peninsular. And below, the deep root system competes less cajanus cajan family associated crops than some... Pigeonpeas are susceptible to tolerant, the deep root system competes less with associated crops than do other! Daylength to varioous degrees 30 seeds $ 4.50 Loading in stock cutting the stems and stacking them dry! For forage when the first pods begin to ripen, or alternatively at the University of South Florida and herbaria. Limiting factor for pigeonpea and applications of 17–26 kg/ha P can increase seed yield 300‒600!, subfamily Papilionidae, tribe Phaseolae and subtribe Cajaninae, Tanzania and Kenya are the. The sixth most important dietary legume crop predominantly grown in the developing world first pods begin to ripen, alternatively! Origin is the eastern part of peninsular India, Myanmar, Malawi, Tanzania Kenya! And it has been reported that grazing should start at the University of South Florida and other herbaria Fabaceae Leguminosae... C. cajan ) is a perennial legume from the Fabaceae family of kg/ha/yr.

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