The literature reviewed explores different ways to increase mathematical discourse to improve student learning in a primary classroom. I created a “Waiting Room” for my students. (Pugalee, D. K, 2001). A few weeks ago I led a study session to help students prepare for an AP exam. The way it works is that students are given a problem, which they work on in small groups. In my own classroom my attention is divided. The Fear Of Speaking, Listening, & Mathematical Discourse. Question-writing is also useful. Student Discourse 91 CHAPTER 4 04-Gillies-45194.qxd 2/20/2007 1:15 PM Page 91. or her misunderstanding. https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/, Your email address will not be published. Embedded in almost every lesson is an activity for a student to do with a partner, such as a card sort or some matching activity. increasing mathematical discourse in the classroom effect number sense in first grade students. Students can make conjectures, link prior knowledge to current understanding… For more information or questions, please email Monisha Karnani at [email protected]. Groups spend 3-5 minutes at each posted solution and add comments and suggestions which they write on sticky notes. I’d add, writing to learn in math. Unfortunately, high-quality diversity training is not universally available. It has been amazing to see what they write and how well they understand each concept. Give Them Time to Read, 9 Ways to Support Staff and Teachers Right Now, Promote Student Efficacy and Lifelong Learning, Key Insights for New and Aspiring School Leaders, Effective Questioning During Virtual Learning, Practical Wisdom for Scholar-Practitioners, Offering Student Choice Using a Menu Strategy, A Vision of Schoolwide Technology Integration, Tools to Grow Students’ Science Understanding, Powered by  - Designed with the Hueman theme. I am looking at Properties of Exponents (8th grade). By the time I got home, I was really determined to make it a regular habit to encourage math talk, so I decided to do some research. In the first article in this series, I introduced four “influences or actions” that come from John Hattie’s (2017) groundbreaking research. I totally agree with you that student collaboration and discussion is key to deepening understanding in math. In her free time, she enjoys reading books about math education and following other teachers on Twitter. Below you will find a number of different benefits explored through work of researchers! Cirillo’s primary research interests include the teaching of disciplinary practices (e.g., mathematical proof and modeling), classroom discourse, and teachers’ use of … – Chinese Proverb. And I do walk around and try to listen to my students as they discuss math problems and concepts. the perspectives, ideas, and mathematical arguments of others … This interactive webinar focused on effective teaching strategies, practices and activities that engaged students in rich mathematical conversation. As students work with a partner to match equivalent expressions, the teacher is instructed to “note different student approaches to the task and to support student problem solving.” The teachers are further instructed to “listen to…students carefully.” (Source) I’m excited to try this lesson, with renewed attention to listening and the goal of formatively assessing my students’ understanding. On the way home (it was a six-hour drive) I started thinking about why I seemed to get so much more from listening to students during this workshop than I usually do in my own classroom. To increase mathematical discourse, we should start by creating an environment in which students are able to have discussions with peers and practice both using academic, mathematical … For the past 13 years, she's taught high school math, including Algebra IB, Algebraic Connections, Pre-Calculus, AP Statistics, Algebra with Finance, and Algebra 2 with Trigonometry. Although I can’t eliminate distractions in my own teaching space, I can control how I respond to them. Thank you sooooo Much! I have had to admit that I am not always a good listener. Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. Begin the year by discussing what rich discourse is, the rationale for it, and answering the What’s In It for Me question by specifying ways students benefit. Mathematics (DEBT-M) program, as well as my many years as a mathematics teacher and supervisor, I have found high-quality diversity training to be essential in helping teachers close mathematics opportunity gaps and improve outcomes for students. Here, you will find examples from throughout the school year on: Modeling and Encouraging Active Listening Using Precise Language Structured Talk Paraphrasing and Extending Discourse Thank you for bringing attention to the importance of listening to students as they communicate about mathematics! The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. I was looking for some specific information: 1.) Notify me of follow-up comments by email. If anyone has any suggestions for how to promote good student math discussions, or tips for being a better listener, please share! This is a very specific instructional strategy that develops a routine around eliciting students’ thinking from a … One thing that helps make the learning more powerful for the class too is when I share with the large group either misconceptions that I heard – or ask a group to share a strategy – with the class. Groups rotate until every group has had a chance to visit each chart poster, giving students an opportunity to “discuss their classmates’ solutions.” As students are having these discussions, the teacher listens, observes, and “gauges student understanding.”. Another means of communication that we are working on to deepen understanding is writing in mathematics. Asking better questions can open doors for students, promoting mathematical thinking and discourse. It dawned on me that, at the workshop, I wasn’t responsible for all the logistics that normally accompany the classroom experience. To successfully engage students in mathematical discourse teachers need to foster community in the classroom, help students feel safe expressing ideas, and demonstrate that math … Such questions help students: Work together to make sense of mathematics. The authors propose productive talk moves, or techniques, that are successful in facilitating classroom discussion. Using this example, I discuss how the distinction between everyday and mathematical discourse can help or hinder us in hearing the mathematical content in student talk. This article illustrates how research about mathematical discourse can be translated into practice. Students also learn to engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. Or what misconceptions did students have? In the coming months I plan to spend more time listening and providing students with an opportunity to talk to each other. I remembered that the Formative Assessment Lessons provided by MARS (Mathematics Assessment Resource Service) dealt with the teachers’ role while students discussed math activities. I have always known that it is helpful to the students to talk with their peers about math. Here’s How I Created a Virtual Class Library, 8 Ways to Revitalize Your School Leadership, Try a Game Strategy to Engage Kids in History, Penny Kittle: Nurturing Readers for a Lifetime, Energizing Kids’ Online Learning This Term, Talking to Our Students about the Capitol Riots, A Toolbox Packed with Practical Math Ideas, How to Teach Content Vocabulary to Our ELs, Reflection Can Help Us Revive Our Best Selves, Want Kids to Like Books? Is it part... As a teacher I always enjoyed explaining the why, to the... Hi! 2.) In addition, Webb and colleagues have argued that the help received is beneficial only if the student requesting it understands the explanation given and … Students critique their own, and others, ideas to seek efficient mathematical solutions, Involves asking strategic questions on how a problem is solved and a particular method used. These were not my students and we were not in my classroom, nor my school. Communication provides opportunities for students to analyze and evaluate their mathematical thinking and strategies of others. Strategies (activities) that would promote student conversations about math and would fit into my current classroom routine. In classroom discussions, students work with multiple ideas and have to balance new ideas with their original conclusions. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. Turns out, just listening, really listening, to students provided me with some great formative assessment. Pay attention to the use of academic language in the task. Designing instruction that engages students in regular mathematical discourse can help increase students’ confidence in talking and communicating about their mathematical thinking. Sometimes students would get something wrong, but for the most part they were able to talk it out and reach the right answer. One of the easiest routines to integrate into our repertoire of mathematical discourse opportunities is Number Talks. Michelle Russell (@michel1erussel1) is a math teacher at Florence (AL) High School. I plan to really think about how students might approach the problem and what misconceptions they might have. Rely more on themselves to determine whether something is mathematically correct. When they didn’t get the right answer, it helped me understand what their misconceptions were. It’s a challenging task. I put students in groups of 2 or 3 and asked them to discuss and answer multiple choice questions. Encouraging talk about math in the classroom is easier with question stems. Definition• Mathematical discourse is a teaching approach that engages students in discussion about math in a manner that articulate their understanding of concepts. Great point about misconceptions. I think my attempts to multi-task have caused me to develop some bad listening habits, which has kept me from really benefiting when I try to listen to students’ discussions about math. Classroom discourse, technology, and worthwhile mathematical tasks have emerged as key components in developing this type of instruction and in how students learn mathematics. To a degree, multi-tasking is unavoidable for teachers, but I can certainly make the effort to improve my listening skills. Academic Language in the Math Classroom. She received her PhD from Iowa State University in 2008 after working as a high school mathematics teacher in New York for eight years. Discourse requires students to evaluate and interpret . I’ll wait for you. View the Guidance. I also like the idea of asking a group to share their strategy. Great suggestions! Here, go and read through this task from Illustrative Mathematics. I have used Gallery Walks in the past, but I wanted to focus on listening closely to students’ discussions as they rotated through the “Gallery.” I found a great explanation for a gallery walk at “Gallery Walk, Math Congress and Bansho.” (Source). You are so right, it helps the whole class to share common misconceptions. ... and ask useful questions to clarify or improve the arguments. Mathematical classroom discourse is about whole-class discussions in which students talk about mathematics in such a way that they reveal their understanding of concepts. I think math talk helps students solidify their thinking, make connections, and remember what they have learned. Thanks so much for sharing this post with me! The article shows two types of discourse, cognitive discourse and motivational discourse. Engaging students in effective classroom talk begins by creating a discourse-rich classroom culture. What I have been underestimating is how much it would help me. How I can become a better listener and actually focus on what my students are saying. Mathematical discourse is the way students represent, think, talk, question, agree, and disagree in the classroom. After we return from Christmas Break will be a great time to incorporate a MARS lesson. Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. Students engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. Homeschooling in the District of Columbia, Guiding Principles for Continuous Education, Licensing Process for Child Care Providers, Common Core State Standards - Mathematics, Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar PowerPoint.pdf. Training the Brain to Listen: A Practical Strategy for Student Learning and Classroom Management, 9 Listening Strategies that Develop Active Listeners, Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse, How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom, https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/. I like the idea of the "Waiting room". In Mia Buljan’s 2nd grade classroom, students and teacher enter into active and productive mathematical discourse. In this To listen well is as powerful a means of influence as to talk well and is as essential to all true conversation. I learned so much! I didn’t have to take attendance, I didn’t have to answer the intercom or check my email for a list of students who would be on a field trip. I know I need to continue to hone and improve my listening skills and make the effort to implement activities that encourage math talk. This is great – I am always eavesdropping on my student discussions. Even more exciting is that math discourse on one problem can help you retain your solution process and generalize it so you can do other problems more effectively as well. Here are the academic vocabulary words I noticed students would need to understand (in an academic sense) in order to be able to do this task without any support: Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. A challenge faced by math educators of all levels is how to engage students in their mathematical content through rich discussion or discourse. This helps others gain in the understanding or in helping to “clear up” a misconception. Your email address will not be published. There were some very good discussions. With your goals in mind, you can plan out how to follow the discourse practices. Talking about mathematical concepts allows students to reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing the ideas of others. I have been using writing to ask students to justify their answers with evidence – such as examples, non-examples, and definitions. I am talking capital “N” for Number and capital “T” for Talks. Thanks! coronavirus.dc.gov provides teachers with the tools they need to facilitate mathematical discourse in the 21st century classroom and create opportunities for students to think constructively, communicate effectively, and increase mathematics proficiency. Published 12/10/2017. Asking better questions can open new doors for students, helping to promote mathematical thinking and encouraging classroom discourse. Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. Expect students to justify answers. Using chat to check for understanding: After giving lessons last spring, Paul France had his third … So, I am glad I had this opportunity because it reminded me how important math talk is in the classroom. 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