Bone China: Assets of Delicate Elegance to the Home

There are many selections available for tableware among which bone china is considered to be the finest – especially by porcelain standards. The finest of porcelain products, it is stronger, more durable, harder and more translucent than other varieties of porcelain. Many houses have at least one, if not many pieces of bone china. They consider these to be a very important part of the family history, as bone china can stand the test of time and be handed down from generation to generation as heirlooms.

Bone China: The Process

By the end of the 18th century, an Englishman named Josiah Spode, pioneered the use of calcined bone ash in making bone china pieces. This technique, which adds bone ash to china mixtures, has flourished in the works at Spode as well as many other china manufacturers including Lenox, the only manufacturer of bone china in the United States. The addition of bone ash, especially cow bone, gives bone china a warm color in contrast to fine china being a brighter white.

The bones are finely ground into bone ash and then mixed with feldspar, ball clay, quartz, and kaolin (a type of clay). The quality of the finished bone china product is determined by the amount of bone in the mixture. High quality bone china must include at least thirty percent bone with the highest quality range as high as forty to forty-five percent of bone composition.

¬Creating bone china is a very interesting art which involves a series of carefully planned steps only done by highly skilled artisans with machinery.

¬Creating bone china is a very interesting art which involves a series of carefully planned steps only done by highly skilled artisans with machinery.

These are the four main processes involved in creating bone china:

  • Clay Making
  • Mold Making
  • Glazing
  • Decorating

Generally speaking, earth (the raw materials), wind (for companies who utilize air hoses in the manufacture of their products), fire (the kilns), and water (used during every process) are all required to make bone china.

 Mikasa White Salad Plates Matisse Bone China Wedgwood Mirabelle Pattern Floral Coffee Mug White Bone China

 

Bone China Items

 

 

After the accurate preparation of the mixture of the purest of raw materials, the piece is shaped and molded into the desired items. They are afterwards exposed to a series of firings at extremely high temperatures and for long periods of time. The nature and specific design of the pieces determine the number of firings required.

In the process, the bone china piece is made stronger by making it softer and less brittle. Thus the bone ash, which adds to the translucency of the product, makes it more resilient to damage and less likely to break.

Check out our ebay store, Escape Place for the bone china pieces.