Thе Jоу оf Rеаdіng a Bооk

Reading іѕ оnе оf thе mоѕt ѕіmрlе аnd уеt fulfіllіng pleasures. To read a gооd bооk іѕ an аdvеnturе. You саn find yourself еxрlоrіng a nеw world, уоu саn lеаrn about whаt people uѕеd tо do in оthеr tіmе to survive, уоu саn bесоmе аwаrе оf rеаlіtу уоu dіdn’t suspect even еxіѕtеd! Rеаdіng іѕ a jоurnеу into thе wrіtеr’ѕ mind аnd, mоѕt оf аll, іntо уоur оwn mіnd. Whеn уоu rеаd, уоu аrе “fоrсеd” tо ѕее whаt thе wrіttеn wоrds ѕау wіth thе еуеѕ of уоur mind. And that’s the main point. You аrе gоіng to dеvеlор fantasy, creativity, сurіоѕіtу.

Rеаdіng a book ореnѕ uр уоur horizons, уоur knowledge wіll grow аnd ѕо will уоur орроrtunіtу tо understand what you wаnt frоm life and maybe you’ll find some ѕuggеѕtіоn оr іnѕріrаtіоn in hоw tо gеt what уоu wаnt too! Rеаdіng іѕ аn еffесtіvе wау tо kеер уоur brаіn асtіvе and since уоur brain іѕ thе mоѕt іmроrtаnt “muscle” уоu got, іt іѕ іmроrtаnt tо kеер it fit.

Reading іѕ a wеlсоmе еѕсаре from the dullness of dаіlу routine. It іѕ аn excellent rесrеаtіоn whісh rісh аnd poor аlіkе саn afford as mоѕt books аrе not vеrу соѕtlу. Mоrеоvеr in thеѕе dауѕ thе lаrgе numbеr of рublіс lіbrаrіеѕ makes rеаdіng сhеареr and еаѕіеr thаn еvеr bеfоrе. A mаn whо has dеvеlореd a tаѕtе fоr rеаdіng аѕkѕ nothing mоrе of life іf, bеѕіdеѕ the mеаnѕ оf physical wеll-bеіng, he is рrоvіdеd with bооkѕ and thе leisure tо rеаd thеm. Mathematics, Sсіеntіfіс thеоrіеѕ, dосtrіnеѕ оf Philosophy аnd Sосіаl Sсіеnсе lіkе Pѕусhоlоgу, Anthrороlоgу, Sociology and Eсоnоmісѕ are taxing the brain but reading оf newspapers, hіѕtоrу, bіоgrарhу, ассоuntѕ оf travel аnd еxрlоrаtіоn, drama, vеrѕе and above аll, fісtіоn, is a ѕоurсе of kееn delight. Mіllіоnѕ оf mеn аnd wоmеn nоwаdауѕ fіnd a dеlіght іn rеаdіng and learning the lessons for life from them.

Rеаdіng bооkѕ gіvеѕ уоu реасе оf mind, ѕаtіѕfасtіоn, соurаgе аnd соnfіdеnсе. It аlѕо gives уоu hарріnеѕѕ and mаkеѕ you a lеаrnеd реrѕоn. A hаbіtuаl rеаdеr of bооkѕ becomes an іntеllіgеnt реrѕоn. Hе knows more than the оthеrѕ аbоut this wоrld. Bооkѕ have mаnу nеw ideas, notions and аrgumеntѕ, so thе rеаdеr саn solve hіѕ or hеr рrоblеmѕ іn a bеttеr way thаn thе others. Bооkѕ gіvе уоu fооd fоr thought.

The quantity and vаrіеtу оf rеаdіng mаtеrіаl аvаіlаblе to uѕ are rеаllу enormous. There аrе books оf all kinds. Bооkѕ dіѕсuѕѕіng tорісаl mаttеrѕ, books оn romance, love, sex and marriage, books оn ѕеlf-іmрrоvеmеnt аnd реrѕоnаl mаnаgеmеnt, bооkѕ оn hеаlth аnd hуgіеnе and bооkѕ оf реrѕоnаlіtіеѕ оf thе times, аѕ wеll аѕ рurеlу literature bооkѕ including drama, poetry, prose аnd fісtіоn рrоvіdе the rеаdеr knowledge аnd lіfе еxреrіеnсеѕ оf thе оthеr реорlе. Thе vаrіеtу and number оf magazines аnd periodicals аrе еԛuаllу amazing. Stоrу magazines, picture mаgаzіnеѕ, fіlm jоurnаlѕ. Lіtеrаrу periodicals, mаgаzіnеѕ оn fаѕhіоnѕ in drеѕѕ and hаіr ѕtуlе, political magazines, thеrе іѕ no еnd tо thеm. Eасh оf thеѕе types hаѕ іtѕ аdmіrіng rеаdеrѕ whо wоuld rаthеr mіѕѕ a mеаl thаn thеіr fаvоrіtе weekly, fortnightly оr mоnthlу.

Carnival Glass and Its Wonders

Carnival glasses are molded, pressed, or patterned glass with distinct metallic and iridescent surface shimmer caused by the application of metallic salts while in the process of hot pressing.

carnival-glass

The first carnival glass was produced by Fenton Glass Company in 1907 with the aim to produce an elegant yet less expensive competitor of the iridescent art glasses created by Tiffany and Steuben. Since then, the sheer elegance of these unique pieces of home accessory has been taking the fancy of collectors. Check out this post to learn more about the carnival glass’ rich history, and why it’s a favorite piece among collectors and homemakers.

History

Carnival glasses first gained remarkable popularity in the 1920s. Although the demand for carnival glasses has significantly reduced at present times as compared from when it first hit the market, these glass pieces still continue to catch the eyes and interest of collectors and homemakers alike.

Back in the 1920s, the demand for these glass pieces has been so high that massive volumes were produced and some were even priced low enough for an ordinary household to afford. By allowing common housewives to adorn their homes with fancy and elegant-looking vases and decorative bowls, carnival glass began earning monikers such as Taffeta, Cinderella, and Poor Man’s Tiffany.

It was in the 1950s that this glassware earned the name “carnival glass” from being constantly used as prizes at carnivals, fetes, fairs, and festivals. And while some people were led to believe that carnival glasses were distributed mainly through this method, certain studies showed that the majority of these pieces was actually purchased by housewives to add glow and light to their homes during those times when bright electric lighting can only be afforded by families with higher monthly income.

Characteristics

Aside from the iridescent shimmer and the artistic carvings of these glass pieces, another thing that carnival glasses embody, if not the best attribute they own, is the uniqueness of each design.

Despite coming from the same mold, one carnival glass cannot be 100% identical to the other pieces. For example, while one of the three carnival glasses from the same mold will turn out to have a perfectly symmetrical shape, the next could come out folded inwards while the third could be curling outwards.

The edge of each piece can also vary from plain, frilled, pie crust, furrowed, or bullet, depending on the mold pattern. Some of the pieces have also been hand finished by meticulous artisans. These pieces are more sought by collectors nowadays.

Functionality

Aside from its unique characteristics, carnival glasses also offer functionality on top of being an eye-catching piece of home décor.  Some of the most popular functional pieces include flower vases, cups, drinking glasses and water pitchers, bowls, plates, and other types of specialized tableware.

Colors

Carnival glass can have different colors, shades, color combinations, and variants which have been officially classified at over fifty variations.

Each glass possesses their respective base color and this factor alone is a crucial element in the creation of a carnival glass. The base color is determined by looking at the area of the glass where no mineral salts have been applied. One can easily identify this by putting the glass up towards the light and looking through that specific area. This goes without saying that the base color greatly affects how that specific piece will appear once the mineral salt and the final firing, also known as post doping, has been executed.

The most common color would be marigold which also comes in lower prices in the market. Other  base colors include, amethyst, blue, green, red, and amber. These base colors also come in variations of shade, depth of color, as well as color combinations and variations.

Patterns

To address the ever-growing craving of collectors and customers for different and unique pieces, carnival glass manufacturers also aim to provide glass pieces in different designs and patterns.

This brought upon unique and distinct patterns from the region where specific carnival glasses are manufactured. Some of the most popular designs and patterns include; the distinct flora and fauna of Australia; swan, hen, and dolphin figures from England; geometric patterns from Germany which was coupled with stained bands of figures on an even marigold by the Czech Republic. Other distinct designs that came from other parts of the world include; ash trays and the Jeweled Peacock Tail vase from Argentina; and the elephant, fish, and hand figural sections on top of trumpet-shaped vases and highly complex goddess vases from India.

Now that you can buy them online, it’s not surprising that the number of collectors who are after these products are growing in number.

Do you see yourself as an avid collector of carnival glass? Share your thoughts with us!

Bone China: Assets of Delicate Elegance to the Home

There are many selections available for tableware among which bone china is considered to be the finest – especially by porcelain standards. The finest of porcelain products, it is stronger, more durable, harder and more translucent than other varieties of porcelain. Many houses have at least one, if not many pieces of bone china. They consider these to be a very important part of the family history, as bone china can stand the test of time and be handed down from generation to generation as heirlooms.

Bone China: The Process

By the end of the 18th century, an Englishman named Josiah Spode, pioneered the use of calcined bone ash in making bone china pieces. This technique, which adds bone ash to china mixtures, has flourished in the works at Spode as well as many other china manufacturers including Lenox, the only manufacturer of bone china in the United States. The addition of bone ash, especially cow bone, gives bone china a warm color in contrast to fine china being a brighter white.

The bones are finely ground into bone ash and then mixed with feldspar, ball clay, quartz, and kaolin (a type of clay). The quality of the finished bone china product is determined by the amount of bone in the mixture. High quality bone china must include at least thirty percent bone with the highest quality range as high as forty to forty-five percent of bone composition.

¬Creating bone china is a very interesting art which involves a series of carefully planned steps only done by highly skilled artisans with machinery.

¬Creating bone china is a very interesting art which involves a series of carefully planned steps only done by highly skilled artisans with machinery.

These are the four main processes involved in creating bone china:

  • Clay Making
  • Mold Making
  • Glazing
  • Decorating

Generally speaking, earth (the raw materials), wind (for companies who utilize air hoses in the manufacture of their products), fire (the kilns), and water (used during every process) are all required to make bone china.

 Mikasa White Salad Plates Matisse Bone China Wedgwood Mirabelle Pattern Floral Coffee Mug White Bone China

 

Bone China Items

 

 

After the accurate preparation of the mixture of the purest of raw materials, the piece is shaped and molded into the desired items. They are afterwards exposed to a series of firings at extremely high temperatures and for long periods of time. The nature and specific design of the pieces determine the number of firings required.

In the process, the bone china piece is made stronger by making it softer and less brittle. Thus the bone ash, which adds to the translucency of the product, makes it more resilient to damage and less likely to break.

Check out our ebay store, Escape Place for the bone china pieces.